Last year 71,300 claims for unauthorised deductions were brought in front of the employment tribunal, the second most common claim brought by employees.
The most common examples of unlawful deductions made by employers are:
Bonuses - many of the reported cases relate to the payment of bonuses. The employment tribunals have decided that, if the amount of the unpaid bonus can be quantified, the employee can claim it as an unlawful deduction.
Underpayment of commission - if the employee is paid less commission than is due, this may be an unlawful deduction.
Tips - if a worker is entitled to tips (or part of a "tronc"), which are not paid, he can bring a claim.
Holiday pay - a failure to pay outstanding holiday pay when the employment terminates has been held to be…